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David Sparks Ph.d H2-A Figures
by David Sparks Ph.d, click here for bio

Program: Idaho Ag Today
Date: November 07, 2018

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-In July 2018, after the third quarter H-2A program data was released by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of Foreign Labor Certification, the American Farm Bureau Federation predicted an extremely large number of positions would be certified in the fourth quarter, pushing Department of Labor certifications over the 240,000 mark in fiscal year 2018. With DOL certifying more than 49,000 positions in July, August and September – an increase of over 23 percent from fourth quarter 2017—that projection has been proven correct. A strong fourth quarter brought the total number of certified positions in FY 2018 to 242,762 – an increase of more than 21 percent over FY 2017.

 

The end of the fiscal year presents a good opportunity to compare growth in H-2A use among different states and crops. In FY 2018, Georgia had the largest number of certified positions, surpassing Florida, which led the nation in certified H-2A positions in 2015, 2016 and 2017. Georgia was able to capture the title for the first time with an incredible 38 percent increase in certified positions between 2017 and 2018. As is highlighted in Figure 2, all of the top five H-2A utilizing states experienced position growth between 2017 and 2018. Even more incredible is the increase over the last five years. Between 2014 and 2018, Georgia, Florida, Washington, North Carolina, and California experienced growth rates of 212 percent, 125 percent, 174 percent, 50 percent and 213 percent, respectively. Louisiana, Kentucky, New York, and Arizona, all among the top 10 states over the last five years, also experienced growth in FY 2018, increasing by 14 percent, 3 percent, 11 percent, and 24 percent, respectively. The state of Michigan completes the top 10 list with 8,359 positions, a growth of 24 percent from 2017. Michigan’s position as the seventh-largest user of the H-2A program is especially impressive given that it only just made the top 10 list for the first time in 2017.

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